A colloidal quantum dot infrared photodetector and its use for intraband detection

Abstract : Wavefunction engineering using intraband transition is the most versatile strategy for the design of infrared devices. To date, this strategy is nevertheless limited to epitaxially grown semiconductors, which lead to prohibitive costs for many applications. Meanwhile, colloidal nanocrystals have gained a high level of maturity from a material perspective and now achieve a broad spectral tunability. Here, we demonstrate that the energy landscape of quantum well and quantum dot infrared photodetectors can be mimicked from a mixture of mercury selenide and mercury telluride nanocrystals. This metamaterial combines intraband absorption with enhanced transport properties (i.e. low dark current, fast time response and large thermal activation energy). We also integrate this material into a photodiode with the highest infrared detection performances reported for an intraband-based nanocrystal device. This work demonstrates that the concept of wavefunction engineering at the device scale can now be applied for the design of complex colloidal nanocrystal-based devices.
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Clément Livache, Bertille Martinez, Nicolas Goubet, Charlie Gréboval, Junling Qu, et al.. A colloidal quantum dot infrared photodetector and its use for intraband detection. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 10, pp.2125. ⟨10.1038/s41467-019-10170-8⟩. ⟨hal-02124021⟩

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